This page describes both Tags (which are saved inside your music files and can be read by your music player) and Picard variables which can be used in Picard scripts (for tagging, for file renaming and in several other more minor settings).
All tags are also available as variables, but additional variables which start with '_' are not saved as Tags within your music files.
Variable are used in scripts by wrapping the name between '%' character e.g. '%title%'.
Some variables can contain more than one value (for example, musicbrainz_artistid), and if you want to use only one of the values then you will need to use special script functions to access / set them. To access all the multiple values at one, use the variable normally and Picard will combine them into a single string separated by '; ' (semicolon space).
If a later version of Picard is shown here than the current official version on the downloads page, then these are beta functionality which will be available in the next official release and a description of how to gain access to these beta versions for testing can also be found on the downloads page.
The following tags are populated from MusicBrainz data for most releases, without any special Picard settings.
All of these are also available as variables for use in Picard Scripts (for tagging, for file renaming and in several other more minor settings) by wrapping them between '%' symbols e.g. '%title%'.
|artist||Track Artist Name(s) (string)|
|artists||Track Artist Name(s) (multi-value) (since Picard 1.3)|
|artistsort||Track Artist Sort Name|
|albumartistsort||Release Artist's Sort Name|
|releasetype||Release Group Type (see also _primaryreleasetype / _secondaryreleasetype)|
|language||Work lyric language as per ISO 639-3 if track relationships are enabled in Options and a related work exists. (since Picard 0.10)|
|script||Release Script (since Picard 0.10)|
|date||Release Date (YYYY-MM-DD)|
|originalartist||Original Track Artist of the earliest release in the Release Group intended for the performer(s) of the original recording.|
|originalalbum||Original Release Title of the earliest release in the Release Group intended for the title of the original recording.|
Original Release Date
(YYYY-MM-DD) of the earliest release in the
Release Group intended
to provide e.g. the release date of the vinyl version of what you have on CD. (Included as standard
from Picard 0.15, and using the Original Release Date plugin if you are still using a non-NGS
version earlier than Picard 0.15)
Note: If you are storing tags in mp3 files as ID3v23 (which is the Windows / iTunes compatible version) then original date can only be stored as a year.
|originalyear||Year of the original Release Date intended for release year of the original recording.|
|catalognumber||Release Catalog Number(s)|
|label||Release Label Name(s)|
|discnumber||Disc Number of the disc in this release that this track is on|
|totaldiscs||Total number of discs in this release|
|discsubtitle||The Media Title given to a specific disc.|
|tracknumber||Track number on the disc|
|totaltracks||Total tracks on this disc|
|isrc||ISRC (since Picard 0.12)|
|compilation||(since Picard 1.3, compatible with iTunes) 1 for Various Artist albums, 0 otherwise
(Picard 1.2 or previous) 1 if multiple track artists (including featured artists), 0 otherwise
|musicbrainz_trackid||Recording MusicBrainz Identifier|
|musicbrainz_releasetrackid||Release Track MusicBrainz Identifier (since Picard 1.3)|
|musicbrainz_artistid||Track Artist's MusicBrainz Identifier|
|musicbrainz_albumid||Release MusicBrainz Identifier|
|musicbrainz_albumartistid||Release Artist's MusicBrainz Identifier|
|musicbrainz_discid||Disc ID if album added using CD Lookup (since Picard 0.12)|
|musicbrainz_originalartistid||Original Track Artist's MusicBrainz Identifier|
|musicbrainz_originalalbumid||Original Release's MusicBrainz Identifier|
|musicbrainz_workid||Work Name MusicBrainz Identifier|
|musicbrainz_releasegroupid||Release Group's MusicBrainz Identifier|
|titlesort||Track Title's Sort Name|
|albumsort||Release Title's Sort Name|
|acoustid_id||AcoustID associated with the track.|
|bpm||Beats per minute|
|key||Key of the music|
|copyright||Contain copyright message for the copyright holder of the original sound, begin with a year and a space character.|
|subtitle||Used for information directly related to the contents title|
|discid||Disc ID is the code number which MusicBrainz uses to link a physical CD to a release listing.|
|website||Used for official artist website.|
|encodedby||Encoded by (person/organisation)|
These variables are also populated from MusicBrainz data for most releases, without any special Picard settings.
|_absolutetracknumber||The absolute number of this track disregarding the disc number i.e. %_absolutetracknumber% of %_totalalbumtracks% (c.f. %tracknumber% of %totaltracks%). (Since Picard 1.3)|
|_totalalbumtracks||The total number of tracks across all discs of this release.|
|_musicbrainz_tracknumber||The track number as entered on MusicBrainz. This can be a non-numeric value, e.g. A and B or A1, A2 etc.|
|_releasecomment||Release disambiguation comment (since Picard 0.15)|
|_releaselanguage||Release Language as per ISO 639-3 (since Picard 0.10)|
|_releasecountries||List of all Release Countries of this release as ISO 3166-1 country codes (since Picard 2.3.1)|
|_releasegroup||Release Group Title which is typically the same as the Album Title, but can be different.|
|_releasegroupcomment||Release Group disambiguation comment.|
|_primaryreleasetype||Release Group Primary type i.e. Album, Single, EP, Broadcast, Other.|
|_secondaryreleasetype||Zero or more Release Group Secondary types i.e. Audiobook, Compilation, DJ-mix, Interview, Live, Mixtape/Street, Remix, Soundtrack, Spokenword|
|_length||The length of the track in format mins:secs.|
|_rating||Rating 0-5 by Musicbrainz users|
|_dirname||The name of the directory the file is in at the point of being loaded into Picard. (Since Picard 1.1)|
|_filename||The name of the file without extension (since Picard 1.1)|
|_extension||The files extension (since Picard 0.9)|
|_format||Media format of the file e.g.
|_bitrate||Approximate bitrate in kbps.|
|_channels||No. of audio channels in the file|
|_sample_rate||Number of digitising samples per second Hz|
|_bits_per_sample||Bits of data per sample|
|_multiartist||0 if tracks on the album all have the same primary artist, 1 otherwise. (Since Picard 1.3)|
|_artists_sort||The Artist's Sort Name(s) (multi-value) (Since Picard 1.3).|
|_albumartists||The Album's Artists' Name(s) (multi-value) (Since Picard 1.3).|
|_albumartists_sort||The Album Artist's Sort Name(s) (multi-value) (Since Picard 1.3).|
If you enable tagging with Advanced Relationships, you get these extra tags:
|work||Work Name (since Picard 1.3)|
|writer||Writer Relationship Type (since Picard 1.0; not written to most file formats automatically).|
|composer||Composer Relationship Type|
|composersort||Composer Relationship Type's Sort Name|
|conductor||Conductor Relationship Type (releases, recordings), Chorus Master Relationship Type (releases, recordings)|
|arranger||Arranger Relationship Type (releases, recordings, works),|
|lyricist||Lyricist Relationship Type|
|remixer||Remixer Relationship Type|
|producer||Producer Relationship Type|
|engineer||Engineer Relationship Type|
|mixer||Engineer Relationship Type ("Mixed By") (since Picard 0.9)|
|djmixer||Mix-DJ Relationship Type (since Picard 0.9)|
|license||License Relationship Type (releases, recordings) (since Picard 1.0)|
If you enable Use genres from MusicBrainz, you get:
|genre||Genre information from MusicBrainz (since Picard 2.1, earlier versions used folksonomy tags)|
If you enable tagging with Advanced Relationships, you get these extra variables:
|_recordingtitle||Recording title - normally the same as the Track title, but can be different.|
|_recordingcomment||Recording disambiguation comment (since Picard 0.15)|
List of performance attributes for the work
e.g. "live", "cover", "medley" etc.
With the help of plugins like "Classical Extras" or "Work & Movement" you can make use of the following tags for tagging your classical music.
|work||Work Name of the overall work, e.g. "Symphony no. 5 in C minor, op. 67".|
|movement||Name of the movement, e.g. "Andante con moto".|
|movementnumber||Movement number in Arabic numerals, e.g. "2". Players explicitly supporting this tag will often display it in Roman numerals, in this example as "II".|
|movementtotal||Total number of movements in the work, e.g. "4".|
Show Work & Movement: If this tag is set to "1" players supporting this
tag, like iTunes and MusicBee, will display the work, movement number and
movement name instead of the track title. E.g. the track will be displayed
as "Symphony no. 5 in C minor, op. 67: II. Andante con moto" regardless of
the value of the
Note: If you are using iTunes together with MP3 files you should activate the option Save iTunes compatible grouping and work in order for the work to be displayed correctly.
Plugins from Picard Plugins can add more tags.
|genre||Pseudo-genre based on folksonomy tags|
The LastFMPlus plugin is a sophisticated plugin that tries to provide stable and meaningful genre selections from the ever-changing and idiosyncratic list provided by lastFM.
The LastFMPlus plugin is very configurable and examples provided here are based on the default lists provided on the Tag Filter List tab of the LastFMPlus options page.
|grouping||Top-level genres - default list: Audiobooks, Blues,
Classic rock, Classical, Country, Dance, Electronica, Folk, Hip-hop, Indie, Jazz, Kids, Metal, Pop, Punk, Reggae, Rock, Soul, Trance
|genre||Specific detailed genres, e.g. if group is Rock, genre
could be one of Acid rock, Acoustic rock, Alternative metal, Alternative rock, Art rock, Blues rock, Boogie rock, Brit rock, Christian rock, College rock, Country rock etc.
|mood||How a track 'feels' e.g. Happy, Introspective, Drunk etc.|
|Comment:songs-db_Occassion||Good situations to play a track e.g. Driving, Love, Party etc.|
|Comment:songs-db_Custom1||Decade e.g. 1970s|
|Comment:songs-db_Custom2||Category e.g. Female Vocalist, Singer-Songwriter etc.|
|Comment:songs-db_Custom3||Country e.g. British|
|Original Year||Original Year that the track was released
(compared to Original Release Date, the earliest release date of the entire Album)
Note 1: This plugin makes a large number of web services calls to get track-specific data, so loading a large number of albums / tracks could take a significant amount of time.
Note 2: Original Year does not seem to be working correctly at present.
For technical details on how these tags are written into files, see Picard Tag Mapping.
If you set new variables, these will be saved as new tags in ID3, APEv2 and VORBIS based files. For ID3 based files these will be saved to, and reloaded from, ID3 user defined text information (TXXX) frames. They will not be saved in ASF, MP4 or WAV based files.
For ID3 based tags i.e. mp3 files, you can also set ID3 tags directly from your scripts by setting a special variable starting '_id3:'. Currently these tags are not loaded into variables when you reload the file into Picard. (Since Picard 0.9)